WHAT IS SECTION 179?
Section 179 of the IRS tax code permits businesses to deduct the full purchase price of qualifying equipment purchased or financed during the current tax year. That means that if you buy (or lease) a piece of qualifying (new or used) equipment, you can deduct the FULL PURCHASE PRICE from your gross income. It’s an incentive created by the U.S. government to encourage businesses to buy equipment and invest in themselves.
For Coastline Equipment customers that means that qualifying new and used equipment purchases can be used to minimize taxes on hard earned revenue, during a difficult year, and you can add to your fleet helping you replace aging equipment, or expand your capabilities.
So who is eligible for Section 179 and its tax benefits? All businesses that purchase or finance equipment are eligible to use Section 179 to write off their purchases in 2020. There are limitations to the dollar amounts that can be written off, but those details can be found below.
How Can Section 179 Work for Me?
Deduct New and Used Equipment Purchases
This deduction is good on new and used equipment, with a write-off limit of $1,040,000. To take the deduction for tax year 2020, the equipment must be financed or purchased and put into service between January 1, 2020 and the end of the day on December 31, 2020.
$2,095,000 is the maximum amount that can be spent on equipment before the Section 179 Deduction that is available to your company begins to be reduced on a dollar for dollar basis. This spending cap makes Section 179 a true “small business tax incentive” (because larger businesses that spend more than $3,630,000 on equipment won’t get the deduction.)
100% Bonus Depreciation
Bonus Depreciation is generally taken after the Section 179 Spending Cap is reached. The Bonus Depreciation is available for both new and used equipment.
Write Off Repairs
Regularly scheduled, routine maintenance does not have to be capitalized. Under Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Reg. 1.263(a)-3, you can expense routine maintenance on equipment to keep it in "ordinarily efficient operating condition." Routine maintenance can be performed at any time during a piece of equipment's useful life, but in order to be considered routine, you should reasonably expect that the activity will be performed more than once during the life of the equipment.
Trading in Equipment Can Help you Save
Trading in a machine has certain tax advantages over selling it. "Let's say you buy a 524L Wheel Loader for $200,000, when you purchase the machine, you take an expense deduction and write off the cost of the machine. When you sell it for $95,000 three years later, you will incur a taxable gain. If you take the same 524L Wheel Loader and trade it in toward the new one, the tax basis on the new machine is reduced, and there is no taxable gain to pay."
Find Qualifying Equipment Here
Things to Be Aware of with Section 179
Section 179’s “More Than 50 Percent Business-Use” Requirement
The equipment, vehicle(s), and/or software must be used for business purposes more than 50% of the time to qualify for the Section 179 Deduction. Simply multiply the cost of the equipment, vehicle(s), and/or software by the percentage of business-use to arrive at the monetary amount eligible for Section 179.
Consult Your Tax Professional
Coastline Equipment is happy to share high-level information regarding federal tax incentives for businesses. However when making capital purchases to maximize tax incentives, please be sure to consult your tax professionals to ensure proper use of the tax programs available for new and used equipment purchases.